Periodontitis is the second stage of gum disease. Once you reach this stage, the damage caused to the gum tissue is irreversible. The gums can form a pouch below the gum line that traps food and bacteria. Other signs include increased swelling or redness of the gums and persistent bad breath even after brushing.
Learn about gum disease, such as gingivitis and symptoms of periodontal disease, treatment options and maintenance. The answer to this question depends on how advanced you are with gum disease. If your gum disease is mainly characterized by symptoms of bleeding gums, chances are it's still in the early stages. At this stage, you can easily get rid of gum disease by carefully brushing and flossing every day, along with essential hygiene instructions from your dentist.
However, if gum disease is advanced, you may experience symptoms that destroy the gums and bones around your teeth. These symptoms can infect the part of the jaw that supports the teeth and cause them to loosen. An extreme symptom of gum disease is tooth loss. Once you reach this advanced point, your gum disease is likely to be irreversible and it's probably periodontitis now.
Fortunately, if you're already at this advanced point, your dentist can still give you options to help you treat your periodontitis and preserve as much of your original smile as possible. Advanced periodontitis is the third stage of periodontal disease. At this point, the patient will have suffered irreversible damage to the gums and teeth due to the infection. This causes symptoms such as changes in teeth, loose teeth, accumulation of pus between the gums and teeth, a bad taste in the oral cavity, severe pain when chewing, and even total loss of teeth.
Gum disease is one of the leading causes of tooth loss. Gum disease has two main stages. If diagnosed and treated in the first stage, the condition can be reversed and tooth loss can usually be prevented. To prevent gum disease, practice good oral hygiene and visit your dentist for cleanings and checkups twice a year.
Periodontal diseases are pathological processes involving periodontium, a term used to describe the support apparatus that surrounds a tooth, including gingival tissue, alveolar bone, cement and periodontal ligament. Gingivitis is the mildest form of periodontal disease and can be found in up to 90% of the population. It is a reactive condition that is reversible by improving oral hygiene. Periodontitis is when the periodontal condition has progressed beyond gingivitis to a state of chronic, destructive and irreversible inflammatory disease.
The bacteria can then penetrate deeper into the surrounding tissues and periodontium. This triggers a host response in an attempt to defend itself against the invading bacteria. However, during the process of protection against bacteria, the host's defenses also lead to the destruction of the periodontium. Periodontitis leads to loss of the periodontium junction, which subsequently progresses to the loss of alveolar bone, which can result in the loss of the affected tooth.
This activity describes the evaluation and treatment of periodontal diseases and highlights the role of the interprofessional health care team in identifying and treating patients with these conditions. This stage requires periodontal surgery or periodontal laser therapy to clean the deep pockets filled with bacteria that have formed. These findings suggest that there is a deep periodontal pocket associated with the tooth that contains periodontal pathogens that actively trigger the host response. This makes periodontitis a non-contagious disease, as it is caused by a lack of hygienic care; however, this does not mean that periodontitis bacteria cannot be transmitted.
Periodontal diseases are pathological processes involving periodontium, a term used to describe the support apparatus that surrounds the tooth, which includes gingival tissue, alveolar bone, cement and periodontal ligament. Oral pathogens, such as Porphyromonas gingivalis, Tannerella forsythia and Treponema denticola, often referred to as red complex organisms (due to their involvement in severe forms of periodontal disease), are primarily responsible for causing periodontitis. Diabetes mellitus has a well-documented relationship with periodontal disease; it may increase the destruction seen in periodontitis. As periodontal disease progresses from gingivitis to periodontitis, more anaerobic organisms colonize deeper periodontal pockets, such as Aggregatibacter, actinomycetemcomitans and Porphyromonas gingivalis, triggering the host's inflammatory response.
Periodontitis is the name of the most advanced periodontal disease and, if allowed to progress to this point, not only are the gums affected, but the bone structures that support the teeth will be compromised. X-rays of a patient with periodontitis will show alveolar bone loss very close to a deep periodontal probe depth. One of the most notable and direct consequences of periodontal disease is tooth loss, which occurs as the progression of the disease leads to greater destruction of the periodontium, including the periodontal ligament and the alveolar bone that normally anchor the teeth. It has been shown that smoking not only significantly increases the risk of developing periodontal disease, but is also associated with a more severe course of the disease and a significantly lower response to periodontal therapies.
It can increase the risk of periodontal disease by 5 to 20 times, with an odds ratio of 5.4 between smoking and chronic periodontitis. . .