Gum disease is one of the leading causes of tooth loss. Gum disease has two main stages. If diagnosed and treated in the first stage, the condition can be reversed and tooth loss can usually be prevented. When gingivitis is not controlled, it can quickly become the first stage of periodontitis, which is destructive.
Gum inflammation is caused by the buildup of bacteria and plaque on and below the gum line. Stage 1 periodontitis is treated with a deep cleansing called debridement. Stage 1 periodontitis is not reversible like gingivitis. Periodontal disease is the leading cause of tooth loss in the world (more than tooth decay), and an estimated 60% of the world's population suffers from some type of gum disease.
To prevent gum disease, practice good oral hygiene and visit your dentist for regular cleanings and checkups. The main difference between initial periodontitis and moderate periodontitis is the damage between the ligaments of the root of the tooth and its cavity. Periodontitis is the name of the most advanced periodontal disease and, if allowed to progress to this point, not only are the gums affected, but the bone structures that support the teeth will be compromised. This stage requires periodontal surgery or periodontal laser therapy to clean the deep pockets filled with bacteria that have formed.
Gingivitis is the first stage of periodontal disease and the only stage in which periodontal disease can be reversed.