In the early stages, called gingivitis, good oral hygiene can reverse some changes and prevent further deterioration. However, as the disease progresses, irreversible damage can occur. Often, the symptoms of periodontitis do not appear until a later stage. For this reason, it is best to prevent it by practicing good oral hygiene and avoiding smoking.
A person can be free from gum disease with an aggressive approach. The dentist may also employ methods such as scraping and root planing to help the patient heal. These processes are ways to deeply clean the gum line and eliminate bacteria. Surgical procedures are also available to stop the disease.
The best treatment for gingivitis is professional cleaning. Your dental care provider detects and removes plaque and tartar even in hard-to-reach areas. Once these substances are gone, the gums will heal on their own and no other treatment will be necessary. Your provider will also review the tools and techniques you should use to more effectively prevent the recurrence of gingivitis at home.
Periodontal disease can be treated, but technically it can't be “cured.” Even after a dentist helps you get rid of periodontal disease, there is a chance that it will come back if you don't practice good oral hygiene. Periodontitis (or periodontal disease) is an advanced form of gingivitis that requires more rigorous treatment than gingivitis.